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Interest Rates

The federal funds rate is the rate at which banks can borrow money overnight from the Fed.

The Fed determines the interest rates federal reserve as the U.S. central bank is the most important institution because it represents the economic area with the greatest economic strength.
At the FED's FOMC meetings, information is released on the FED's central bank policy.

It is the benchmark for other interest rates, including the prime rate, which is the rate banks charge their best customers.

The prime rate is also the basis for many other interest rates, such as consumer loans, interest rates on credit cards, and home equity loans.

Because of the strong linkage of the central bank policy rate to the economy, the level, change and speed of change is a very important factor influencing global equity, currency and commodity markets.

If you want to analyze the market reaction to economic events, you can use our Economic Event Analyzer.
The analysis determines how indices, stocks, currencies or commodities have reacted to individual events in the past.

Interest Rates Today

Interest Rates Chart

Disclaimer: Due to the ever-fluctuating nature of the financial market, the scheduling of economic events and indicators are constantly changing. We are proud to share the data with you, but would remind you that due to external factors beyond our control, we and cannot be held responsible for any trading losses or other losses incurred as a result of using the economic calendar.

Understanding Interest Rates

Interest rates are the percentage of a loan that a lender charges for the use of money. The higher the interest rate, the more expensive the loan will be for the borrower. Interest rates can be fixed, which means that the interest rate will not change for the life of the loan, or variable, which means that the interest rate can change over time.

What is the Federal Reserve?

The Federal Reserve is the central banking system of the United States. It was created in 1913 in response to a series of financial panics, and it is responsible for implementing monetary policy, regulating banks, and providing banking services to depository institutions and the federal government.

The Federal Reserve is composed of 12 regional Federal Reserve Banks, each of which is responsible for supervising the banks in its district. The Federal Reserve Board of Governors, which is the central decision-making body of the Federal Reserve, is composed of seven members appointed by the President of the United States and confirmed by the Senate. The Federal Reserve Chairman is the most visible member of the Board of Governors, and he or she serves a four-year term.

Compound Interest and Savings Accounts

Compound interest is interest that is earned not only on the original investment, but also on the accumulated interest from previous periods. This type of interest can be found in savings accounts, certificates of deposit, and bonds. The main benefit of compound interest is that it allows the investor to earn a higher return on their investment than if they had simply earned simple interest.

The main disadvantage of compound interest is that it can take a long time to earn a significant return on investment. For example, if someone invests $1,000 at a 5% annual compound interest rate, it will take them 20 years to double their money. In contrast, if they earned simple interest at the same rate, they would only have to wait 10 years to double their money.

Compound interest can also be disadvantageous if the investment loses value. For example, if someone has a $1,000 bond that pays 5% compound interest and the bond loses 10% of its value, the investor will only earn 4% compound interest on their investment.

Compound interest can be a powerful tool to help grow your savings, but it is important to understand how it works before investing your money.

ow Are Interest Rates Determined?

Interest rates are determined by the Federal Reserve, which is the central banking system of the United States. The Federal Reserve sets the target federal funds rate, which is the rate at which banks lend money to each other overnight. The federal funds rate indirectly affects other interest rates in the economy, such as the prime rate and mortgage rates.

The Federal Reserve uses monetary policy to influence the federal funds rate and, in turn, interest rates. The Federal Reserve can raise interest rates by buying and selling government securities in the open market. When the Federal Reserve buys securities, it increases the money supply and raises interest rates. When the Federal Reserve sells securities, it decreases the money supply and lowers interest rates.

How Does the Fed Use Interest Rates in the Economy?

The Federal Reserve uses interest rates as a tool to influence the economy. The Fed sets a target for the federal funds rate, which is the rate at which banks lend money to each other overnight. The federal funds rate influences other interest rates in the economy, such as the prime rate, which is the rate banks charge their best customers. When the Fed raises the federal funds rate, other interest rates usually rise as well. This can influence spending and investment in the economy.

Higher interest rates tend to slow economic growth because they make borrowing more expensive. This can lead to less spending on big-ticket items like homes and cars. It can also cause businesses to invest less in expansion and hiring. Lower interest rates can boost economic growth by making borrowing cheaper and encouraging spending and investment.

Why Do Bond Prices React Inversely to Interest Rate Changes?

Bond prices react inversely to interest rate changes because when interest rates go up, bond prices go down. This is because when interest rates go up, the value of a bond goes down.

The reason for this is that when interest rates go up, new bonds are issued at a higher interest rate. This means that the value of existing bonds goes down because they have a lower interest rate.